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Photoshop Tips

I will try to add every day tips in a series like a small easy book . It is useful for the beginners .

I will be happy and ready for your questions .Photo shop diagram to show the bars and panels .I thought it is useful for understanding .

Photo-shop workspace [ Interface].Known as outside of the box.

  • Menu  bar:found on the top of the window. It contains the file,edit ,image and layer and other menus .
  • Beside the Menu Bar there is the  Application Bar showing the Hand Tool, Zoom Tool and Rotate View tool and Arrange Document and Screen Mode
  • Tool Option bar :found under the menu bar.It shows the options of the selected tool .
  • Tool box:by default it is found on the left side of the window.It shows the different photoshop tools
  • Pallets:or pans it is found on the left side of the window.Like the layer pallet and color and others.

Create A New Document .

Select the Menu Bar >File>New  or use shortcut Ctrl -N.A new dialog box will appear to choose width ,hight ,and also you will choose pixel ,cm or points .

Saving A File?

  • Choose file save .From the format choose photoshop to keep all your layers.
  • Save as to choose other format like JPEG or PNG or GIF or choose another place for the file .
  • You can also save for web. to use on web pages ,it should be small in size and light for uploading.

Working with layers.

  • The best part about layers is that you can work with each layer separately without disturbing your art work.
  • You can work with each layer separately or as a group [Layer >New >Group].
  • Duplicating the layer[Ctrl-j] .
  • To link layers together pressing on the layers you want to link together while holding the shift key to select the layers and click the link layers button at the bottom left of the layer palette .
  • To unlink go to Layer > unlink layers.
  • Rearrange the layers by drag and drop .
  • To merge the layers Layer > merge(after selecting them) .Or by Ctrl-E.


Photoshop Tool Panel (Box).

Selections Tools .

  • Rectangular Marquee Tool.To create rectangular or square shapes.
  • Elliptical Marquee Tool .To create elliptical or circular shapes.
  • Lasso Tool. To select the area around the shape you like(freehand).
  • Polygonal Lasso Tool.
  • Magnetic Lasso Tool.
  • Quick Selection Tool, quick selection using an adjustable round brush tip
  • Magic Wand Tool  ,selects similarly colored areas .
  • The Move Tool. moves selections, layers, and guides ,
  • The Crop Tool ,trims images.

Crop and slice tools .

  • The Crop tool trims images.
  • The Slice tool creates slices.
  • The Slice Select tool selects slices.

Retouching tools .

  • The Spot Healing Brush tool removes blemishes and objects .
  • The Healing Brush tool paints with a sample or pattern to repair an image .
  • The Patch tool repairs  a selected area of an image using a sample or pattern.
  • The Red Eye tool removes the red reflection caused by a flash .
  • The Clone Stamp tool paints with a sample of an image .
  • The Pattern Stamp tool paints with part of an image as a pattern.
  • The Eraser tool erases pixels and restores parts of an image to a previously saved state.
  • The Background Eraser tool erases areas to transparency by dragging.
  • The Magic Eraser tool erases solid-colored areas to transparency with a single click.
  • The Blur tool blurs hard edges in an image.
  • The Sharpen tool sharpens soft edges in an image.
  • The Smudge tool smudges data in an image.
  • The Dodge tool lightens areas in an image.
  • The Burn tool darkens areas in an image.
  • The Sponge tool changes the color saturation of an area.

Drawing and Painting tools.

  • Brush Tool , paints brush strokes.
  • Pencil Tool , paints brush strokes.
  • Eraser Tool.   Under it there is  -Background Eraser Tool.
  • Paint Bucket Tool. under it there is Gradient Tool to allow the user to use the gradient colors
  • Text Tool. allows you to write what you like .
  • Shape Tools.Allows you to draw shapes with colors .—Rectangle Tool.
    —Rounded Rectangle Tool .
    —Ellipse Tool.
    —Polygon Tool.
    — Line shape Tool .
    —Custom Shape Tool.

COLOR SELECTION TOOLS.

  • Color selection for background and foreground  is very easy just click the tiles on the tool box to open the dialog box to choose the color you like .
  • Eyedropper Tool . It is a very useful tool by which you can get a sample color from your photo. To use it click the eyedropper and click inside the document window . click with your cursor on the color you want to select .

Notes, measuring and navigation tools .

  • The Eyedropper tool samples colors in an image.
  • The Ruler tool is a measuring tool for distances, locations, and angles.
  • The Note tool makes notes that can be attached to an image.
  • The Counting tool counts objects in an image.
  • The Hand tool moves an image within its window.
  • The Zoom tool magnifies and reduces the view of an image.
  • The Rotate View tool non-destructively rotates the canvas.

3D tools.

  • The 3D Rotate tool ,rotates the model around its x-axis .
  • The 3D Roll tool , rotates the model around its z-axis .
  • The 3D Pan tool pans the camera in the x or y direction .
  • The 3D Slide tool drags side to side to move the model horizontally, or up and down to move the model closer or farther away.
  • The 3D Scale tool scales the model larger or smaller.
  • The 3D Orbit tool orbits the camera in the x or y direction .
  • The 3D Roll View tool rotates the camera around the z-axis .
  • The 3D Pan View tool pans the camera in the x or y direction .
  • The 3D Walk View tool walks the camera.
  • The 3D Zoom tool changes the field of view closer or farther away.

How to use a tool ?
Do one of the following:

  • Click a tool in the Tools panel.
  • Press the tool’s keyboard shortcut.

Duplicate an image
Duplicate an entire image including all layers, layer masks, and channels :

  • Open the image .
  • Choose Image > Duplicate.
  • Enter a name for the duplicated image.

Duplicate the image and merge the layers :

Select Duplicate Merged Layers Only, Click OK.

Transforming

  • Retouching is helpful in many things to improve your picture or add or remove items and more other things .
  • Transforming is using for scaling the size rotation  and some other functions I will explain .

 

Adjusting crop, rotation, and canvas

Cropping an images:
It is the removing of a part of an image to create focus or strengthen it .It is done with the Crop Tool.
Crop an image using the Crop tool

  • Select the Crop tool .
  • With the mouth drag over the part of the image you want to keep to create a marquee.You can adjust ,move or scale and rotate it to the area you like to keep .
  • press enter or check the right tick up.

Cropping options:

  • Specify whether you want to use a cropping shield to shade the area of the image that will be deleted or hidden. When Shield is selected, you can specify a color and opacity for the cropping shield. When Shield is deselected, the area outside the cropping marquee is revealed.
  • Specify whether you want to hide or delete the cropped area. Select Hide to preserve the cropped area in the image file it is better than deleting it so you can get it back if you like.The Hide option is not available for images that contain only a background layer so you can make layer from back ground by Rt click the background layer in the layer panel and choose layer from back ground.

NEXT TIP Rotate or flip an entire image

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